Hirohito's War - Photographs

There are currently over 500 photographs published on this website to accompany Hirohito’s War, The Pacific War 1941-1945. The photographs are arranged on a chapter by chapter basis to provide a comprehensive photo-narrative of the conflict. From time to time new photographs will be added to this site. Care has been taken not to use copyrighted photographs.

Chapter 1
1.1 USS Saratoga - One of Commodore Perry's Black Ships that opened Japan to the West
1.2 The Young Emperor Meiji 1872, four years after the Meiji Restoration
1.3 The last Shogun - Tokugawa Yoshinobu
1.4 The Head of the Satsuma Clan and retainers, 1866
1.5 Japanese soldiers during the Boshin War that overthrew the shogunate
1.6 Japanese Soldiers during first Sino-Japanese War
1.7 Japanese soldiers being waved off to fight in the Russo-Japanese War
1.8 Japanese siege gun at Port Arthur
1.9 Russian troops awaiting Japanese advance in Russo-Japanese War, 1904
1.10 The Russian battleship Oslyabya, sunk at the Battle of Tsushima, 27 May 1905
1.11 Russian ships sunk or scuttled outside Vladivostok
1.12 Russian soldiers entrenched at the Battle of Mukden
1.13 Bedraggled Russian Army after the Battle of Mukden
1.14 President Wilson, Prime Minister Clemenceau and Prime Minister Lloyd George at the Paris Peace Conference
1.15 A League of Nations Assembly
1.16 Crown Prince Hirohito with British Prime Minister Lloyd George in 1921
1.17 Documents being signed at the Washington Naval Conference, 1922
1.18 Briand, Merrick and Kellogg at the signing of the Kellog-Briand Pact for renunciation of war
1.19 Last Emperor Puyi in the Forbidden City, 1912
1.20 Sun Yat-sen and his wife Soong Ching Ling (younger sister of Meiling, Mde Chiang Kai-shek)
1.21 The Young Chiang Kai-shek
Chapter 2
2.1 Delegates at the London Naval Conference including US Secretary of State Lewis Stimson, Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, Reijiro Wakatsuki and Prime Mininster Andre Tardieu
2.2 Prime Minister Jeijiro Wakatsuki: London Naval Conference
2.3 Prime Minister Osachi Hamaguchi
2.4 Mukden Incident: Japanese troops celebrating
2.5 Japan's South Manchuria Railway Company
2.6 Civilians accused of helping the 15th May Incident
2.7 Rebel troops engaged in the coup d'etat of the 26 February Incident
2.8 Navy Marines brought to quash the rebels troops of the 26 February 1936 incident
2.9 A youngish Emperor Hirohito
2.10 Prince Saionji Kinmochi, the last Genre who survived an assassination attempt during the 26th February Incident, 1936
Chapter 3
3.1 Japanese troops marching across the Marco Polo Bridge
3.2 Japanese troops deploying at the Battle of Taiyuan
3.3 Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces (Kaigun Tokubetsu Rikusentai) at the Battle of Shanghai 1937
3.4 Japanese light tank in Shanghai
3.5 Japanese troops celebrate the capture of a railway station in Shanghai
3.6 Japanese officer about to behead a Chinese man in Shanghai
3.7 Chinese planes bomb Shanghai
3.8 Chinese baby after a Japanese bombing attack on Shanghai
3.9 Chinese man beheaded during the Rape of Nanking
3.10 The Rape of Nanking - slaughtered children
3.11 Images from the massacre of women and children at Nanking
3.12 The Rape of Nanking - Decapitated Heads
3.13 FDR - Quarantine Speech, 5 October 1937
3.14 Cordell Hull
3.15 Japanese troops march to the Battle of Nomonhan (Khalkhin Gol) 1939
3.16 Nakajima Ki-27 at the Battle of Nomonhan
3.17 Soviet troops advance behind tank at the Battle of Nomonhan
3.18 Japanese troops occupying Vietnam
3.19 Operation Barbarossa - Germany invades the Soviet Union
3.20 Emperor Hirohito the God
3.21 Hirohito in military uniform during the Pacific War
3.22 Emperor Hirohito as Commander-in-chief
3.23 Cartoon of US oil embargo of Japan
3.24 Churchill and Roosevelt meet aboard HMS Prince of Wales, Newfoundland August 1941
3.25 Atlantic Charter: Roosevelt and Churchill meet aboard USS Augusta, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland 14 August 1941
3.26 Atlantic Charter 14 August 1941
Chapter 4
4.1 Construction of Tennessee Valley Authority Dam - 1930s
4.2 Ford's Highland Park Plant and one day's production of the Model T
4.3 Ford's St. Paul plant assembly line 1935
4.4 Demonstration during tThe Great Depression
4.5 Soup Kitchen in the Great Depression
4.6 Yokosuka shipyard building a Japanee warship
4.7 Admiral Harold Stark, author of Plan Dog
4.8 General Claire Chennault, founder of the 'Flying Tigers'
4.9 Soong Meiling with General Claire Chennault and Chiang Kai-shek
4.10 Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Ambassador Nomura
4.11 Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Harry Dexter White - supposedly a Soviet spy at the heart of the US government
4.12 Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoe - second term ended 14 October 1944
4.13 Prime Minister General Hideki Tojo who took over from Prince Konoe in October 1941
Chapter 5
5.1 USS Maryland and a capsized USS Oklahoma, 7th December 1941
5.2 Wrecked US ships at Pearl
5.3 Boeing B-17 bomber destroyed at Hickham Field, Haiwaii, 7th December 1941
5.4 Japanese Zero fighters preparing for take-off for attack on Pearl Harbor
5.5 Japanese Zero fighters headed for Pearl Harbor
5.6 Japanese bombers at Pearl Harbor
5.7 Japanese flagship Akagi at Pearl Harbor
5.8 US battleships at anchor in Pearl Harbor
5.9 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
5.10 Admiral Chuichi Nagumo
Chapter 6
6.1 General Homma's Army deploys in the Philippines
6.2 Manila before the Japanese Invasion
6.3 Wrecked US Seversky P-35 at Nichols Field, Luzon 10 December 1941
6.4 Generals MacArthur [right] and Wainwright [left]
6.5 General Masaharu Homma
6.6 Bataan Death March
6.7 Homma's victorious army celebrates beside one of Corregidor Island's guns
6.8 Entrance to Malinta Hill, Corregidor after the US surrender
Chapter 7
7.1 General Tomoyuki Yamashita - 'The Tiger of Malaya'
7.2 Colonel Masanobu Tsuji - Yamashita's strategic planner
7.3 Japan's Bicycle Blitzkreig
7.4 Japanse troops in street fighting in Kuala Lumpur
7.5 Gloucester Gladiators were no match for Mitsubishi Zeros
7.6 Mitsubishi Zero Fighters armed with bombs
7.7 Outdated RAF Brewster Buffalo fighters
7.8 HMS Prince of Wales
7.9 Sinking of HMS Prince of Wales
7.10 Mitsubishi G4M 'Betty' Bombers in attack formation
7.11 Australian anti-tank gun at the Battle of Muar
7.12 Royal Engineers preparing to blow up bridge near Kuala Lumpur
7.13 Lieutenant-General Percival, commander of British forces in Malaya
Chapter 8
8.1 British surrender in Singapore
8.2 Victorious Japanese celebrate II
8.3 General Hitoshi Immamura at the Fall of Singapore
8.4 Chinese victims of Japanese bombing at the Fall of Singapore
8.5 Allied POWs after Singapore
8.6 Japanese shooting blindfold Sikh prisoners
8.7 Victorious Japanese troops marching through Fullerton Square, Singapore
Chapter 9
9.1 Victorious Japanese troops in front of the Governor's House, Rangoon, March 1942
9.2 POWs laying track on the Thai-Burma Railway
9.3 'Flying Tiger' Pilot Tex Hill with Curtis P-40 Warhawk fighter at Toungoo, Burma, Autumn 1941
9.4 'Flying Tigers'
9.5 Maintenance Work on 'Flying Tiger' Curtis P-40 Warhawk at base in Kunming
9.6 Curtis P-40 Warhawk Flying Tiger close up
9.7 Stilwell leading his small band out of Burma by foot
9.8 Final Stages of the retreat from Burma
Chapter 10
10.1 Japanese women prepare silkworm cocoons
10.2 Japanese troops storm a beach in the Dutch East Indies
10.3 Dutch POWs on Java
10.4 Allied prisoners taken by the Japanese in Dutch East Indies
10.5 Japanese Invasion of Java
10.6 Royal Netherlands East Indies Troops on Java
10.7 Japanese biking in the Dutch East Indies
10.8 Heavy cruiser RNL De Ruyter, Admiral Doorman's flagship, which was sunk at the Battle of the Java Sea
10.9 HMS Exeter off Sumatra in 1942
10.10 Surviving crew from HMS Exeter, mortally damaged at the Battle of the Java Sea, were picked up Japanese destroyers and incarcerated on the Celebes for three and half years
10.11 Admiral Karel Doorman killed at the Battle of the Java Sea
Chapter 11
11.1 Mitchell B-25s lined up on the deck of USS Hornet April 1942
11.2 Mitchell B-25 bomber takes off from USS Hornet to bomb Japan, 18 April 1942
11.3 Colonel Jimmy Doolittle and his raiders on board USS Hornet
11.4 Admiral Chester Nimitz [left] and Admiral 'Bull' Halsey [right]
11.5 Anglophobe Admiral King standing behind FDR and Churchill
11.6 Churchill and Roosevelt at the Arcadia Conference 1 January 1942
Chapter 12
12.1 USS Lexington burning at the Battle of the Coral Sea: May 1942
12.2 USS Neosho burning at the Battle of the Coral Sea
12.3 USS Lexington seen from USS Yorktown during the Battle of the Coral Sea
12.4 USS Lexington under Attack at the Battle of the Coral Sea
12.5 Admiral Jack Fletcher
12.6 Admiral Shigeyoshi Inoue
Chapter 13
13.1 TBD's (torpedo bombers) on USS Enterprise (CV-6) during the Battle of Midway
13.2 The Battle of Midway - shell fire
13.3 The Battle of Midway - aerial view
13.4 The Yorktown before it has to be abandoned
13.5 Admiral Raymond Spruance
Chapter 14
14.1 Australian soldiers along the Kokoda Trail
14.2 'Fuzzy-Wuzzy' Angels, native Papuans carrying Australian wounded on Kokoda Trail
14.3 Australians climbing the Kokoda Trail
14.4 Artillery pieces for 25-pounders being hauled up the Kokoda Trail
14.5 Australian patrol on the Kokoda Trail
14.6 A rest break on the Kokoda Trail
14.7 Eora Village during the Battle of Isurava on 27 Aug 1942: Kokoda Trail
14.8 US supply drops on the Kokoda Trail
14.9 Japanese soldiers with captured Austalians on Kokoda Trail
14.10 Australian troops at the Battle of Milne Bay
Chapter 15
15.1 Marines land on Tulagi Beach 7 August 1942
15.2 USS Quincy in Japanese spotlights before being sunk at the Battle of Savo Island
15.3 US Marines landing on Guadalcanal
15.4 Japanese troops killed on the beaches as they tried to flank the US troops at the Battle of Tenaru
15.5 Marines at prepare makeshift defences on Guadalcanal
15.6 US Marine Corps tanks after the Battle of Tenaru
15.7 A US Marine looks at a Japanese 70mm howitzer after the Battle of Tenaru
15.8 Stuart M3A1 used at the Battle of Tenaru
15.9 Martin Clemens with his Solomon Island native troops who acted as intelligence spotters
15.10 Wildcat fighters and pilots of the Cactus Airforce on Guadalcanal
15.11 Admiral Richmond Kelly 'Terrible' Turner
15.12 Rear Admiral Sir Victor Crutchley, commander of Allied fleet at the Battle of Savo Island
15.13 Seabees constructing an airfield on Guadalcanal
15.14 A rare group of Japanese POWs on Guadalcanal
15.15 Saburo Sakai
15.16 Japanese ace pilot Saburo Sakai
15.17 Thompson Machine Gun
15.18 Air Cooled Browning M1919 .30 caliber machine gun as used at Guadalcanal
15.19 Japanese Type 99 Light Machine gun, also known as the Nambu Model 11
15.20 Type 92 air cooled Japanese heavy machine gun
15.21 US M3 Canon could be used as an anti-tank weapon or against attacking infantry
15.22 Pack howitzer 75mm
15.23 USS Enterprise under attack and on fire at the Naval Battle of the East Solomons
15.24 TBF Dive bomber above the USS Enterprise at the Battle of the East Solomons
15.25 Lunga point, the location of the Battle of Henderson Field
15.26 Marine with a Thompson Machine gun takes a break at the Battle of Henderson Field
Chapter 16
16.1 US Marine at the Battle of Edson's Ridge
16.2 US Marine stands on Hill 123 after the Battle of Edson's Ridge
16.3 Dead Japanese troops near Hill 123 after the Battle of Edson's Ridge
16.4 Wire defences at the jungles edge in front of Edson's Ridge
16.5 Douglas Dauntless bomber destroyed by Japanese attack on Henderson Field
16.6 Henderson Airfield, Lunga Point
16.7 US airacobra at Henderson Field in October 1942
16.8 USS Wasp torpedoed and sunk on 15 September 1942
16.9 Torpedo damage to North Carolina in same attack by I-19 that sunk USS Wasp
Chapter 17
17.1 USS Duncan in the South Pacific before being sunk at the Battle of Cape Esperance
17.2 Heavy Cruiser Furutaka sunk at the Battle of Cape Esperance
17.3 Curtis P-39 Airacobra at Henderson Field
17.4 Damaged Japanese plane dives toward USS Hornet at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
17.5 Mitsubishi A6M taking off at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
17.6 USS Boise at the Battle of Cape Esperance
17.7 Battleship USS South Dakota took 26 hits at the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal
17.8 USS South Dakota fires at Japanese torpedo plane at the First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal
Chapter 18
18.1 US 32nd Division at work building a roadway at Buna Airfield
18.2 32nd Division troops wading a creek on their way to Buna
18.3 Japanese positions at Gona being bombed by RAAF
18.4 Australian machine gun post at the Battle of Buna
18.5 US 32nd Division mortar at the Battle of Buna
18.6 Japanese corpses on the beach at Guna
18.7 Australian wounded at the Battle of Sanananda
18.8 Japanese dead beside a pill-box at the Battle of Buna
18.9 Australian soldiers take a break on the Sanananda Track
18.10 US soldiers of 32nd Division take a nap a few hundred yards from Japanese lines at Buna-Gona
18.11 Weary US soldier after the Battle of Buna
18.12 General Eicrhelberger and staff at the Battle of Buna-Gona-Sanananda
Chapter 19
19.1 USS Minneapolis with torpedo damage after the Battle of Tassafaronga
19.2 A camouflaged USS New Orleans a few days after she was torpedoed at the Battle of Tassafaronga
19.3 USS Pensacola damaged at the Battle of Tassafaronga
19.4 US Navy's Newport Rhode Island Torpedo Station
19.5 Naval Station Rhode Island 1944
Chapter 20
20.1 Low level attack on Japanese transport at the Battle of the Bismarck Sea
20.2 Mitchell B-25 gunship at the Battle of the Bismarck Sea
20.3 General Kenney [right] with General MacArthur [left]
20.4 Captain Paul 'Pappy' Gunn [second from right] with B-25 crew
Chapter 21
21.1 Admiral Yamamoto's crashed Mitsubishi 'Betty' bomber
21.2 A flight of 18 Lockheed Lightning P-39s intercept Yamamoto's plane
21.3 US GIs on patrol on New Georgia
21.4 US troops of 172nd Infantry wade through swamps at the Battle of Munda Airfield, 1943
21.5 US troops haul 155mm gun on Rendova to bombard Munda Airfield
21.6 An LSD [Landing Ship, Dock] approaches Rendova Harbor through the Renard Channel
Chapter 22
22.1 Australian troops exiting the Ramu Valley on their way from Lae to Shaggy Ridge
22.2 Australian 2/27th Battalion at Shaggy Ridge
22.3 Australian dug in at Shaggy Ridge
22.4 Lt. E.V. Stephenson and Signalman JJ O'Connor establishing a signal post at the Battle for Shaggy Ridge
22.5 Mortar ammunition being carried up to the front line at Shaggy Ridge
22.6 Corporal Mervyn Hall lying wounded and in pain after singlehandedly wiping out a Japanese pill-box at Shaggy Hill
22.7 Sergeant Stone leads a Papuan Infantry Patrol after the Battle of Shaggy Ridge
22.8 Lt. John Featherstone RAAF [left] studies aerial photographs of the Ramu Valley
22.9 First wave of 5th Cavalry land at Los Negros
22.10 Vice-Admiral Thomas Kinkaid and General MacArthur on the bridge of USS Phoenix at Los Negros
22.11 MacArthur decorates Lieutenant Marvin Henshaw of 5th Cavalry, first man ashore on Los Negros
22.12 MacArthur on Los Negros
22.13 112th Cavalry moving through a coconut plantation at Arawe near Cape Gloucester on the western tip of New Britain
22.14 A US tank in a swamp at Cape Gloucester
Chapter 23
23.1 Admiral Halsey and General Geiger watch soldiers go ashore on Bougainville
23.2 GI takes a drink on Bougainville
23.3 Marine 3rd Division troops slog through a quagmire on Bougainville
23.4 American troops follow a Sherman tank on Bougainville
23.5 Marines of the 3rd Division landing under fire at Cape Torokina
23.6 Artillery firing at Hill 260
23.7 Black GIs of the 93rd Infantry Division on Bougainville
23.8 USS Columbia and USS Montpelier firing at the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay
Chapter 24
24.1 The Battle of Kohima
24.2 Indian soldiers at the Battle of Imphal
24.3 British mortars at the Battle of Imphal
24.4 British Hurricane fighter based at Manipur attacks Japanese target during Battle of Imphal-Kohima
24.5 British Gurkha forces advance with Lee M3 tanks at the Battle of Imphal
Chapter 25
25.1 Vinegar Jo cleans his Thompson machine-gun during the 'walk out' of Burma
25.2 Japanese troops with heavy machine gun during Operation Ichigo 1944
25.3 Chinese Soldiers outside a defensive bunker
25.4 Type 97 Chi-Ha tank during Operation Ichigo
25.5 Colonel Frank Merrill and General Stilwell at the Battle of Myitkyina
25.6 US Mule train heading toward Myikyina
25.7 Merrill's Marauders before the Myitkyina campaign
25.8 General Sun, Chinese commander of X-Force
25.9 Mao Zedong with FDR's emissary Patrick Hurley
25.10 The Ledo Road
25.11 The Ledo road meet the Burma Road
25.12 American and Chinese soldiers planting flags on the Ledo Road
Chapter 26
26.1 FDR, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek at the Cairo Conference 22 November 1943
26.2 From Left - Meiling (Madame Chiang Kai-shek) Ailing (wife of China richest businessman, HH Kung) and Chingling (wife of Sun Yat-sen)
26.3 The Dixie Mission photographed with Mao Zedong
26.4 Madame Chiang Kai-shek about to make an address at the Hollywood Bowl
26.5 Madame Chiang Kai-shek meets Marlene Dietrich in Hollywood
Chapter 27
27.1 US troops of 42st and 24th Divisions led by Lieutenant-General Eichelbergerlanding at Hollandia
27.2 Waterfront facilities established by US Army at Hollandia
27.3 US patrol over Hollandia
27.4 Wrecked Japanese airfield at Hollandia after a US bombing raid
27.5 Unloading US troops and equipment on Biak Island
27.6 Port facilities created at Biak after the battle
27.7 US Soldier covering fox hole with pistol at the Battle of Driniumor River
27.8 US medics moving to the front at Aitape
27.9 US troops wading across the Driniumor River
27.10 Pulling a truck from a mud-hole on Morotai Beach
27.11 US dump of crashed aircraft on Morotai Island
27.12 General Adachii, commander of Japanese Army in the South Pacific
27.13 General Adachii before signing the instrument of surrender
Chapter 28
28.1 Marines taking cover at Battle of Tarawa
28.2 LVT [Landing Vehicle Tractor] destroyed at the Battle of Tarawa
28.3 US troops and supply landing on Tarawa Atoll
28.4 Tarawa beach after the Battle
28.5 Marines wading ashore at Tarawa Atoll
28.6 Admiral Richmond 'Terrible' Turner
28.7 24th Marines at Battle of Roi-Namur
28.8 A rare event: Japanese soldier surrenders at Battle of Roi-Namur
28.9 Marines display captured Japanese flag at the Battle of Eniwetok
28.10 Marine checks that a Japanese soldier is not faking death
28.11 US Marines at Eniwetok
Chapter 29
29.1 Curtiss Helldiver above USS Yorktown
29.2 US crew watches fighter plane contrails during the Battle of the Philippine Sea [the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot]
29.3 Lieutenant Alexander Vraciu holds up fingers to show the number of Japanese planes downed on 19 June 1944
29.4 Japanese ships being attacked at the Battle of the Philippine Sea [the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot]
29.5 Grumman torpedo bomber in crash landing
29.6 Admiral Mitscher greeting fighter ace Vraciu in public relations shot
29.7 Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa, commander of the Japanese fleet at the Battle of the Philippine Sea
29.8 Anti-aircraft gunners watch a carrier landing during the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot
29.9 Anti-aircraft gunners in action on USS Hornet during the Battle of the Philippine Sea
29.10 Nakajima B6N torpedo bomber preparing to take off from carrier Zuikaku during the Battle of the Philippine Sea
Chapter 30
30.1 Marines landing on Saipan
30.2 American Marine on hands and knees landing on Saipan
30.3 Landing craft heading toward Saipan
30.4 LSTs landing US troops at Saipan
30.5 Paying respects to the dead on Saipan
30.6 A captured Japanese flag being displayed on Saipan
30.7 First US Flag raised on Guam
30.8 Montford Point marines on Saipan
30.9 US landing craft streaming toward Titian
30.10 American troops under attack on Saipan
30.11 An American priest uses a burnt out Japanese tank as an alter during the Battle of Saipan
30.12 US soldiers watch Boeing B-29 Superfortress take off from Saipan
30.13 All crew members survived this Consolidated B-24 Liberator crash on Saipan after it was damaged over Iwo Jima
30.14 2nd Marines push forward in a line in the flat sugarcane fields of Tinian
30.15 B-29s prepare for take-off on the West Field on Tinian
30.16 Brigadier General Merritt Edson surveying the front line on Titian
30.17 A marine with an M1 Carbine at the Battle of Guam
30.18 Captured Japanese POWs from the Battle of Guam
30.19 Machine gun unit of three Marines on Guam: (Browning M1919 Air cooled 0.30 caliber)
Chapter 31
31.1 USS Birmingham giving assistance to the stricken USS Princeton at the Battle of Leyte Gulf
31.2 Light Carrier USS Princeton billowing smoke becomes last US carrier sunk in the Pacific War
31.3 USS Intrepid (now preserved as a tourist attraction on the west side of Manhattan) at the Battle of Leyte Gulf
31.4 Battleship Musashi before her sinking at the Battle of Leyte Gulf
31.5 Battleship Nagato (built in 1910) at the Battle of Sibuyan Sea
31.6 USS Tennessee, after repair from damage at Pearl Harbor, fought at the Battle of Surigao Straits
31.7 Heavy cruiser Mogami, which had fought at Midway and the Battle of the Philippines Sea is finally sunk at the Battle of Surigao Straits
31.8 US transports approaching Leyte Gulf October 1941
31.9 USS Gambier Bay (Escort Carrier) commanded by Admiral Sprague making smoke with destroyers at the Battle of Samar Island
31.10 Admiral 'Bull' Halsey, commander of 3rd Fleet at the Battle of Leyte Gulf
31.11 Admiral Thomas Kinkaid, commander of the 7th Fleet at the Battle of Leyte Gulf
31.12 Admiral Kurita, commander of the centre force at the Battle of Leyte Gulf
31.13 Admiral Ozawa, commander of the northern decoy force at the Battle of Leyte Gulf
Chapter 32
32.1 MacArthur comes ashore on Leyte Island [the Philippines]
32.2 GIs land on Leyte Island
32.3 US soldiers after a firefight with Japanese snipers
32.4 Coastguards unloading equipment from LST-18 [Landing Ship, Tank] on the beaches of Leyte
32.5 US coastguards unloading equipment from LSTs [Landing Ship, Tank] on Leyte Island
32.6 General Walter Krueger [left], General MacArthur [middle] and General George Marshall [right]
Chapter 33
33.1 Men of the Dorset Regiment crossing the Irrawaddy River at Ngazun, 28th February 1945
33.2 Gurkhas with their mules crossing the Irrawaddy River
33.3 British Troops crossing the Irrawaddy River
33.4 Bivouac area of adjacent to the Irrawaddy River 1945
33.5 British troops with Sherman tanks speeding on to Meiktila
33.6 British Troops attacking from Bridgeheads on the Irrawaddy River
33.7 Truck convoy for the Ledo-Burma Road
33.8 Indian troops coaxing a mule into the Irrawaddy River
33.9 General Slim leads the cheering as British Troops take Mandalay from the Japanese
33.10 General Slim at Mandalay
33.11 Lieutenant General Slim chatting with a Gurkha Rifleman
Chapter 34
34.1 5th Marines atop Mount Surabachi
34.2 Marines beach landing at Iwo Jima
34.3 A US Marine on Mount Surabachi overlooking the landing beaches
34.4 Marines burying themselves into the sands of Iwo Jima with Mount Surabachi in the background
34.5 The carnage of a Japanese banzai attack on Iwo Jima
34.6 An aerial view of Mount Surabachi on Iwo Jima
Chapter 35
35.1 US troops coming ashore on Okinawa
35.2 US Marines land on northern Okinawa
35.3 Aerial view of US Marines landing on Okinawa
35.4 Naval barrage at the Battle of Okinawa
35.5 Supplies being landed at the Battle of Okinawa
35.6 Mud clogged American tanks at Okinawa
35.7 US Marines driving inland Day-1 on Okinawa
35.8 US troops firing 105mm howitzer in Naha during the Battle of Okinawa
35.9 A flamethrower tank provides cover for US troops as they attack the escarpment on Okinawa
35.10 Kamikaze pilot aims his aircraft at US ship
35.11 US soldiers with Thompson machine guns advance warily
35.12 Colonel Francis Fenton buries his son 'Mike' Fenton who was killed at 'Sugar loaf' during the Battle of Okinawa
35.13 US Marine raising confederate flag at the Battle of Okinawa
35.14 Dead Japanese soldiers found in the ruins of Shuri Castle
35.15 US Marines take a rest during the fighting on Okinawa
35.16 General Simon Bolivar Buckner - Killed by schrapnel at the Battle of Okinawa
35.17 Last picture of Lieutenant General Buckner before he was killed by shrapnel from an artillery shell
35.18 General Mitsuru Ushijima - the commander of the 32nd Army at Okinawa committed sepuku at the end of the battle
35.19 General Isamu Cho, Chief of Staff of the 32nd Army at the Battle of Okinawa
35.20 President Roosevelt dies during the Battle of Okinawa
Chapter 36
36.1 Boeing B-29 Superfortress
36.2 'Pacusan Dreamboat' Boeing B-29 Superfortress
36.3 Boeing B-29s coming off the production line at Renton Plant, Washington State
36.4 Cockpit of Boeing B-29 Superfortress
36.5 Control Deck behind pilots on B-29 Superfortress
36.6 View of pressured tunnel leading to rear gunner cabins on a Boeing B-29 Superfortress
36.7 First Boeing B-29 rolled out at their Wichita, Kansas plant
36.8 Boeing B-29 dropping incendiary bombs over Osaka
36.9 Boeing B-29s stacked up outside Wichita, Kansas Plant
36.10 B-29 Superfortresses parked on Saipan
36.11 Female worker fitting parts to a gun turret
36.12 Boeing B-29 Superfortress Belly gun turret
36.13 Engineers checking firing mechanism of Boeing B-29 Superfortress top turret
36.14 Tail-gun on a B-29 Superfortress
36.15 Jet stream scattering 500lb bombs dropped over Japan
36.16 Japan before and after the Great Tokyo Air Raid
36.17 Firebombs being dropped over Tokyo
36.18 Major-General Curtis LeMay [left], Brigadier-General Hansell [centre] and Brigader General Ramey
36.19 Major-General Curtis LeMay
36.20 Emperor Hirohito inspects Great Tokyo Air Raid
36.21 Osaka hit by bombing raids
36.22 Tokyo firebombed along the Sumida River
36.23 B-29 firebombing raid on Toyama
Chapter 37
37.1 Hiroshima Nuclear Plume
37.2 Hiroshima Devastated by Atom Bomb
37.3 Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Before and After the Atom Bomb
37.4 Enola Gay's Crew for the Hiroshima Mission
37.5 Hiroshima Victim being Treated
37.6 Aftermath of Hiroshima: Photographs by Sub-Lieutenant Peter Daniel [HMS Duke of York]
37.7 Bombed out Tokyo civilians listening to Emperor Hirohito announcing Japan's surrender
Appendix A
A.1 Underwater Aircraft Hangar - Model of an I-400 Japanese submarine with Seiran aircraft emerging from aircraft hanger
A.2 A Japanese I-400 submarine coming into port
A.3 After the Pacific War a captured I-400 submarine tied up next to a US submarine
A.4 Hangar door of an I-400 class submarine
A.5 Aichi M6A1 Seiren aircraft had folding wings to enter the submarine hangar
A.6 An Aichi M6A1 Seiren aircraft in its folded configuration
A.7 i-14 Class aircraft carrying Japanese submarine
A.8 Japanese i-8 Cargo ship entering Brest (France) after voyage from Japan
A.9 Model of B-1 type submarine of which 20 were built
A.10 Suicide type Kaiten (heaven shaker) submarine
A.11 Comparison of World War II submarines with largest modern submarine
A.12 Mark 14 torpedo used by the US at the start of the Pacific War
A.13 Admiral Charles Lockwood (second from left) with colleagues on Hawaii
A.14 Richard O'Kane (later commander of USS Tang, a Balao Class submarine) and Commander Dudley 'Mush' Morton on board USS Wahoo (a Gato Class submarine)
A.15 Japanese Type 93 'Long Lance' torpedo displayed outside US Navy headquarters in Washington
A.16 Commander Howard Gilmore sacrificed his life for USS Growler and its crew and posthumously won the Medal of Honor
Appendix B
B.1 Standard Oil's rigs overlooking the beaches of California
B.2 Standard Oil refinery in the 1930s
B.3 Birch Hill Oil Fields rigs in Orange County, California
B.4 A Liberty Ship
B.5 A Liberty ship built by Kaiser
B.6 Hundreds of mothballed Liberty ships after the Pacific War
B.7 Launching of a Liberty ship in Portland, Oregon
B.8 Kit parts stacked behind Liberty ships at Kaiser's Portland, Oregon, Shipyards
B.9 Parts stacked behind Liberty ship drydocks at Permanente yard in Richmond, Virginia
B.10 USS Auriga, AK-98 attack cargo ship
B.11 LSTs (Landing Ship Tank) at sea
B.12 LSTs disgorging troops and equipment
B.13 US troops disembarking from a LCVP 'Higgins Boat'
B.14 Harry Dexter White (Deputy Director of the War Production Board) meeting Maynard Keynes at Bretton-Woods
B.15 James Byrnes, Chairman of Office of Economic Stabilisation under Roosevelt and later Secretary of State under President Truman
Appendix C
C.1 Donald Nelson, Chairman of the War Production Board
C.2 Henry Morganthau, Secretary of Treasury under President Franklin Roosevelt
C.3 Iona Murphy preparing her welding equipment for welding a liberty ship in Portland, Oregon
C.4 Wendy the Welder - women here in Gary Indiana trained in high schools in four weeks
C.5 Women working on aluminum shells in a munitions factory
C.6 American women working on an airframe at a Lockheed Martin plant
C.7 Dr. Vannevar Bush, National Defence Research Council
C.8 Charles Sorenson, Henry Ford's production genius
C.9 Lieutenant-General William Knudsen, head of production at General Motors, became Chairman of the Office of Production Management for an annual salary of US$1.0
Appendix D
D.1 Colonel Keiji Suzuki, a Lawrence of Arabia figure, who encouraged Aung Sang and his thirty comrades to form a Burmese independence force
D.2 The young Aung San in Burmese National Army Uniform
D.3 General Kazushige Ugaki, Governor General of Manchuria 1931-1936
D.4 Chang Two-line, Warlord leader of Manchurian until his murder by the Japanese in 1928
D.5 General Phibum, Thailand's military ruler, celebrates capture of French Foreign Legion Flag in 1941
D.6 Jose Laurel, puppet ruler of the Philippines during Japanese occupation 1941-1945
D.7 Japan's puppet rulers in the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (Left to Right: Ba Maw, Zhang Jinghui, Wang Jingwei, Hideki Tojo, Wan Waithayakon, Jose Laurel, Subhas Chandra Bose
D.8 Bridge over the River Kwai
D.9 Unmarked as a POW ship Montevideo Maru was sunk by USS Sturgeon on 1 July 1942 killing 1,054 Australians
D.10 Comfort women provided for Japanese troops
D.11 Appendix women liberated by US troops in Yunan, China
D.12 Kempetai group photograph
D.13 Colonel Philip Toosey, commander of POWs at Bridge on the River Kwai
D.14 Changi POW camp
D.15 Live vivisection of a pregnant woman who had been infected with syphilisa to test new Japanese antibiotic terramycin
D.16 Photographs of Dr. Shiro Ishii, the 'Mengele' of Japan
Appendix E
E.1 HMAS Australia, suggested by some as the subject of first kamikaze attack on 21 October 1944
E.2 Chiran high school girls waving off a kamikaze pilot
E.3 Group photo of prospective kamikaze pilots
E.4 Admiral Takijiro Onishi who organised the special attack units (kamikaze)
E.5 Escort Carrier USS St. Lo, the first Escort carrier to be sunk by Kamikaze. 25.10.1945
E.6 Admiral John McCain organised US Navy defences against kamikaze
E.7 Yokosuka D4Y 'Judy' light bombers converted for use as Kamikaze
E.8 HMS Formidable under attack from kamikaze off Okinawa but its steel decks are impervious to penetration
E.9 Admiral Matome Ugaki posing for photographs before making the last suicide attack on the day of Hirohito's surrender, 15 August 1945
Appendix F
F.1 Type 97 Japanese cypher machine (PURPLE)
F.2 HYPO Station Hawaii (Combat Intelligence Center)
F.3 Captain Joe Rochefort, head of HYPO in Hawaii
F.4 Lieutenant Commander Edwin Layton, Head of Intelligence to Admiral Nimitz in Hawaii
Appendix K
K.1 Japanese artillery at the Battle of Hong Kong
K.2 Canadian troops (1,900) about to set off by ship to Hong Kong
K.3 Japanese troops marching toward Hong Kong
K.4 Japanese troops at the Battle of Hong Kong
K.5 Kawasaki Ki-32 'Mary', light bombers in action at the Battle of Hong Kong
K.6 Japanese troops entering Tai-Po
K.7 Sir Robert Brooke-Popham, Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces in the Far East
K.8 Major-General Sir Robert Maltby, commander of Allied Forces in Hong Kong talking to Brigadier Lawson, commanding officer of Canadian Forces
K.9 Lieutenant General Takashi Sakai, commander of Japanese troops at the Battle of Hong who was later executed for war crimes
K.10 Canadian troops dug in at the Gin Drinker's Line
K.11 Canadian troops in the hills above Hong Kong
Appendix L
L.1 US troops landing at Massacre Bay
L.2 The only village on Attu before Japanese invasion with a population of 38
L.3 US troops hauling supplies across Attu's muskeg terrain
L.4 Troops of 7th Infantry haul artillery from Holz Bay
L.5 Village of Attu near Chichagof Harbor pre-war
L.6 US troops landing in the fog at Massacre Bay
L.7 Wary US soldiers during the battles around Cold Mountain
L.8 Troops hauling supplies up a mountain on snow covered Attu
L.9 Lines of US troops manhandling supplies up the front line
L.10 Japanese dead filling a ravine at the base of Engineer Hill
L.11 Japanese soldier on skis on Attu
L.12 Three Japanese soldiers relaxing on a sunny day on Attu
L.13 Japanese soldiers being photographed on Attu
L.14 The mountains shrouded in fog beyond which lie the Japanese base at Chichagof Harbor
L.15 Map of the Battle of Attu
Appendix M
M.1 IJN Kaga
M.2 IJN Akagi
M.3 IJN Soryu
M.4 IJN Hiryu
M.5 Mitsubishi Zero A6M taking off from IJN Shokaku
M.6 IJN Zuikaku prepares to launch Mitsubishi Zero A6Ms in Indian Ocean
M.7 IJN Taiho
M.8 IJN Junyo
M.9 IJN Hiyo
M.10 HMS Indomitable
M.11 HMS Victorious
M.12 HMS Indefatigable in 1945
M.13 HMS Illustrious
M.14 Grumman Wildcat F4F on flightdeck of HMS Formidable
M.15 USS Enterprise with dazzle paint scheme off Pearl Harbor in 1944
M.16 USS Hornet CV-8
M.17 USS Lexington going through the Panama Canal in 1934
M.18 Aircraft landing on USS Saratoga CV-3
M.19 USS Wasp (CV-7) was the first carrier with a deck edge elevator
M.20 USS Yorktown CV-5 abandoned and sinking after the Battle of Midway
M.21 USS Essex off Okinawa in 1945
M.22 USS_Independence CVL-22 in harbor
M.23 USS Gambier Bay - escort carrier
Appendix N
N.1 Early US Oil Farm
N.2 Oil Barges 1864
N.3 Summerland Oil Field at Santa Barbara, California - First Offshore Wells 1915
N.4 Pre-war Gas Station
N.5 Atlas (California) Diesel Engine
N.6 The Comet - Diesel Electric Train for the New York to Hartford Connecticut Line
N.7 US Hudson 1927 Streamlined Locomotive
N.8 Model T: One of the last produced in 1926
N.9 Model T Production Line
N.10 Jimmy Doolitte with his 1925 Schneider Cup winning Curtiss RC3-2
N.11 Crop Dusting Cotton Crops for Boll Weevil in 1928
N.12 Beetle Like Early American Tank
N.13 Mark IV World War I Tank
N.14 Holt Artillery Tractor in Vosges (France) 1915
N.15 Unpaved road in Ventura California in 1913
N.16 Cafe on Route 66
N.17 Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Oil Plant destroyed by Allied bombing
N.18 An American Tanker Refuelling Warships in the Pacific
N.19 Oil Storage Facilities at Pear Harbor