JULY 1944

1 July: America: BRETTON WOODS Conference: Bureaucrats and economists meet to discuss post-war fiscal and monetary arrangements. Arrangements and accords led to the setting up of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which became an important part of the World Bank.

Saipan: Emperor Hirohito sends an imperial rescript that encourages Saipan’s civilians to commit suicide. Up to 20,000 civilians may have perished on Saipan.

9 July: Mariana Islands: Saipan falls to US forces and construction begins for facilities for a B-29 Superfortress base from which to bomb Japan.

18 July: Japan: General Tojo resigns as prime minister.

24 July: Mariana Islands: US troops land on Tinian and Guam.


3 August: Burma: The Battle of Myitkyina. The two-month siege of the town comes to an end.

4 August: New Guinea: Battle of Driniumor River. General Adachi forced to retreat back to Wewak after their advance to Aitape is thrown back at the Driniumor River.

Holland: Anne Frank and family arrested by the Gestapo in Amsterdam.

10 August: China: Battle of Henyang. The battle ends with the surrender of the Chinese 10th Corps and the loss of Hengyang and Lingling Airfields after 51-day siege.


12 September: Canada: OCTOGON Conference in Quebec between Churchill and Roosevelt.

13 September: Germany: US troops reach the Siegfried Line in western Germany.

15 September: Molucca Islands: MacArthur invades Morotai Island (Dutch East Indies) with 50,000 troops and easily overcomes the weak Japanese defense. Turned into a military and air base for the invasion of the Philippines.

Palau: Battle of Peleliu. Nimitz invades Palau Island in the western Pacific adjacent to the Philippines.

23 September: Ulithi Atoll: Admiral Nimitz takes Ulithi Atoll unopposed in order to build the major logistics base for the US Pacific Fleet. Ulithi Atoll’s lagoon can take over 700 ships.

Next Section >