18 September: Manchuria: Mukden Incident in which Japanese leaders of the Kwantung Army in North Korea plan an ‘agent provocateur’ act by exploding a bomb of the railway near Mukden. An explosion, barely noticed by the passengers on the train is used as a pretext for the Japanese occupation of Manchuria, a Chinese province.

Japan: Ultranationalist Ishikawa publishes Nihon no Kiki (Japan’s Crisis) which warns that America’s aim since the mid-19th Century had been the domination of Asia suggests that Japan needed to embark on a ‘great national march to ensure its rights and survival.’

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